Professional knowledge and techniques,
To nurture clinical laboratory technicians with rich humanity and international perspectives
Advances in medical care have made it possible to measure viral antigens, antibodies, genes, etc. Laboratory tests play an important role in the accurate diagnosis and early detection of diseases, and expectations for clinical laboratory technician are increasing in the future of advanced medical care. We develop human resources who can not only provide information on clinical data necessary for diagnosis and treatment as prompt and accurate results, but also contribute to Team Medical Care with sufficient communication skills with other occupations.
"Microscopes are eyes for clinical laboratory technician "
One of the jobs of a clinical laboratory technician is to test and analyze viruses and cancer from samples such as blood and cells obtained from the patient's body. Testing enables practical use not only in diagnosing diseases, but also in prevention and early detection of genetic diseases and treatment of infectious diseases. A clinical laboratory technician must have the same level of knowledge about the human body as a doctor and a better testing technique than a doctor. At this university, students acquire advanced knowledge and skills by using classes where excellent teachers provide active knowledge and students use a microscope prepared for each person.
In addition to high knowledge and skills, we are also focusing on risk management education to ensure medical safety. Students also learn about the increasing number of infectious diseases on an international scale in recent years, as well as the internationalization of medical care, including preventive medical treatment.
Course requirements of: Department of Orthoptics, Department of Nursing, Department of Radiological Technology, Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, and the Department of Sport and Medical Science - Emergency Medical Technician Course
Structure and function of the human body
The amount of medical content and knowledge that should be acquired in the field of clinical examination has become enormous even in the basic part. The purpose of this class is to learn basic terms and to build a connection and framework of knowledge in mind by studying anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry widely and shallowly in the 1st grade. Natural sciences such as chemistry and biology are taken as liberal arts subjects as before, but it is difficult to connect natural sciences to medicine and clinical practice. For example, the bottom-up method of accumulating from chemistry to reach biochemistry and medical chemistry alone may not produce enough results for the effort. Students incorporate the story of illness from an early stage, and acquire knowledge of basic medicine while imagining the whole picture of medicine and the "completed picture" at the time of graduation.
Introduction to Microbiology
The ecosystems of the earth and even our human body are made up of coexistence or conflict with small invisible microorganisms. Some of these microorganisms are useful for our lives through fermentation and decomposition, or they live on the surface and inside of the body and protect them from bad bacteria. However, when the body's resistance is weakened, the balance between such microorganisms and living organisms may be lost, which may adversely affect health, causing serious illness or creating life-threatening pathogens for most humans. In this class, students learn about the relationship between such microorganisms and humans and the nature of each microorganism.
Immunity is a biological defense mechanism against infections caused by microorganisms and viruses. On the other hand, an immune response is also triggered by a biological reaction to internal destruction such as cancer and autoimmune diseases. The mechanism of living organisms that distinguishes between self and non-self parts and eliminates non-self partsis based on the principle of immune tolerance, which means in other words it does not react to self part. In Immunological test I, students understand the mechanism of such an immune system and learn the knowledge necessary for antigen-antibody reaction, which is the basic principle of immunological tests and the diseases that are useful. In Immunological test II, students learn the test methods for actual infectious diseases, allergies, autoimmune diseases, etc., and acquire the skills to judge the test results. They also learn about blood type tests and HLA tests, which are blood transfusion and transplant-related tests, and deepen their understanding of the purpose and characteristics of blood transfusion therapy.
Pathology is defined as a subject to study the causes of illness, but its modern meaning is not limited to the scope of pathology questions given in national exams. In this class, not only pathology for so-called national examination preparation, but also clinical pathology I and II, pathology special course, etc. are set up in addition to pathology, and students can learn about clinical matters and other subject knowledge. The goal is to provide lectures that enable a broader understanding of human diseases in relation to each other. Pathology is a general pathology study that learns the mechanisms of diseases such as congenital anomalies, vascular disorders, inflammation, and tumors, and how those mechanisms act on organs and organs such as the circulatory organs, respiratory organs, and digestive organs. It can be divided into pathology theories to learn whether it causes illness, but as a future clinical laboratory technician, we set up more applied incidental subjects and parallel pathological examination training to observe practical pathological tissue specimens. When students stand in the field, they can diagnose patients and diseases from the same viewpoint as doctors, and improve their background so that they can contribute to the formulation of examination policies.
The rapid progress of gene analysis technology has made it practically useful not only in research fields but also in the prevention and early detection of genetic diseases, and in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Genetic testing is now an important part of clinical testing. In lectures and practical training, familiar cases such as "Is it a constitution that is strong against alcohol?" "Is there a gene related to the formation of personality?", "Guidelines for genetic diagnosis including informed consent", current affairs related to genetic diagnosis, etc. We deepen our understanding of the principles and theories of gene analysis while interweaving them, and then learn the method of gene detection through practical training.
In this class, students learn the knowledge to use inspection equipment safely with accurate technology. Testing equipment is used in various tasks such as "specimen testing" to test collected blood and urine, and "physiological testing" to test electrocardiograms and brain waves by attaching a testing device to the body. Each inspection device is assembled from many electronic components, and by learning the characteristics and principles of the components, students understand what kind of substances and physical changes the inspection values capture. In recent years, it has become common to handle test results on electronic medical records, so students also learn about information networks and information processing.
Blood information analysis
Blood is composed of various components, but it can be roughly divided into blood cell components (cell components) and plasma components. Blood cell components include red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Various diseases develop due to tumorigenesis of these blood cells and numerical and qualitative abnormalities of blood cells. Leukemia, malignant lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myeloproliferative neoplasm, myelodysplastic syndrome, iron deficiency anemia, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhagic disease, etc. In order to perform these tests and diagnoses, it is necessary to know the function of blood cells, the process of blood cell formation, the shape of blood cells, and the regulatory mechanism in the body as basic matters of blood. You also need to understand what causes the disease. In hematology analysis, students learn the basics of hematology.
We solidify the basis of clinical examination in the 1st and 2nd grades. After acquiring the knowledge of chemistry, biology, and medicine, which are the basics of specialized subjects, students acquire practical inspection techniques through on-campus training. We aim to further develop them and improve their practical skills through clinical training at hospitals in the 3rd and 4th grades. The hospital attached to the School of Medicine is adjacent, so students always learn the latest medical care and research while feeling the skin. Based on the basic testing techniques and communication skills learned on campus, they develop practical skills including manners such as conducting appropriate tests at hospitals that are actually active in the future, dealing with patients and their families, and attitudes. Students also learn about the role of the hospital, such as collaboration with other departments in Team Medical Care.
Life science experiment
The 1st grade's life science experiment is a basic practice in anatomy, physiology, histology, molecular biology, etc., and deepens the understanding by actually observing the contents covered in the life science class in advance. There is a biological microscope and a stereomicroscope for each person, and students consult with each other in group to proceed, so even beginners can learn how to use the microscope. The contents range from transformation of escherichia coli and confirmation of the energy of bacterial flagella to observation of early development and apoptosis using chicken eggs. For example, in observations and experiments of each tissue using mice, cells and cells such as Langerhans islets of the pancreas, renal glomeruli and tubules, ear tubules and inner ears, and active staining of acetylcholinesterase at the neuromuscular junction of the eye muscles, etc. By observing the tissue in a form close to a living state, students learn how life is made and how it works.
Clinical chemistry training
In this class, students learn about biochemical test items that they often see in health examinations. Biochemical test items aim to detect illness by reading changes in the amount of some substances present in the blood. Therefore, it is important to pay close attention and measure accurately and quickly. By thoroughly understanding the mechanism of instruments and machines, correct operation method, handling of specimens, and the principle of measurement method, and by actually touching and operating, students develop the skills necessary to obtain reliable test values. In addition, by not only measuring the test value but also understanding the meaning of the value, students acquire the ability to read the message from the body contained in it. Students actively discuss and learn important flows in inspection work, such as measuring correctly, reading the obtained values, and communicating them correctly.
Japan's first anatomy at the Kotsukahara prison during the Meiwa era in the Edo period was the introduction of Western medicine without experience in contrasting it with the Dutch medical book Anatomische Tabell, followed by biochemistry, physiology, microbiology and genetics. It would not have been possible to open the way to modern medicine. It goes without saying that observing the real thing of the human body is the most basic essential item for learning medicine. However, compared to the School of Medicine where detailed and detailed systematic anatomy training is required, it is difficult to secure an opportunity to touch the real thing of the human body in anatomy training at other medical professional training schools. In this department, we practice simulating a real human body by making full use of skeletal specimens of the human body and a large heart model, observe the actual corpse in the anatomy training room of School of Medicine students, and remove it by pathological anatomy or surgery. We train to maximize the macroscopic and microscopic observations of the human organs that have been performed and to match them with the knowledge of classroom lectures.
Physiological examination training
If heart is throbbing or we have pain around chest, we go to the hospital and have an electrocardiogram. By the way what is the electrocardiogram? Is electricity flowing in the heart? The living body has a delicate regulatory mechanism and shows an appropriate response to stimuli from the outside. These reactions are for life support and contribute to the homeostasis of the living body. In the biological information, electrical signals are mainly measured by electrocardiogram, brain wave, and etc., but in physiology training, the electrocardiogram and brain wave recording method and waveform reading method of a normal person, and the recording method with a load are performed. In addition, diagnostic imaging expresses the condition inside the human body, but in physiological examination training, the condition of organs is directly observed using ultrasound. Cancer, inflammation, bleeding, etc. are the main targets of diagnostic imaging, but the projected images are not all of the disease. Although it is an indispensable test method for diagnosis, the judgment of the result differs greatly depending on the difference in the visualization method from CT or MRI. We learn the characteristics and limitations of ultrasound images along with the pathology.
Clinical cytology training
Students learn about one of the morphological tests, cytopathology. A cytological test is a test method in which cells are observed using a microscope to determine whether the cells are benign or malignant, such as infectious diseases, precancerous cells (precancerous lesions), and cancer cells. In the practical training, each student acquires the basic knowledge necessary for cytopathological examination by observing with a microscope using typical cytopathological specimens (gynecology, respiratory organs, urinary organs, body cavity fluid area). The features of the training include explanation of cells using virtual slides and daily case review meetings. The case study group uses a discussion microscope to display one specimen for each group, and students exchange opinions on the cell image of the case. Finally, we announce the diagnosis name and differential disease that are considered to be cell findings. The goal of this training is to acquire morphological knowledge about cytodiagnosis and to develop the ability to listen to people's opinions and gather the opinions of the group through discussions.
On-site training is the practice in which students actually go to the hospital and learn the actual inspection work and other areas. In this department, clinical training is conducted at Teikyo University Hospital adjacent to the university and testing centers to acquire practical clinical testing techniques. In addition to basic clinical testing techniques, students learn the roles and responsibilities of clinical laboratory technician, clarify what they should be as a medical professional in the future, and acquire testing techniques that suit each individual patient.
Main training content
Teikyo University Hospital, Teikyo University Hospital, Mizonokuchi, Chiba University Hospital, Yokohama City School of Medicine Hospital, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Jikei University Hospital, Saitama Medical University General Medical Center, St. Marianna University Hospital , Tokai University School of Medicine, Ageo Chuo General Hospital, etc.
(As of April 2023)
Annual promotion conditions and graduation / completion requirements are clearly stated in the course requirements, and are thoroughly known to students in the guidance at the beginning of the academic year. Advance to the next grade and graduation assessment meeting is held at the end of the year, and these are strictly operated based on the assessment materials. Failure to meet the requirements for advancement and graduation as specified in the course requirements results in retention in the original class.
The evaluation criteria for all subjects is specified in the course requirements distributed at the beginning of each semester. The evaluation scale varies depending on the subject, but in general, the grades of regular exams, grades of submissions such as reports, attendance status, and attitude of learning are apportioned and evaluated as a total.
|Details of Assessment
|90 percent or higher
|Represents particularly excellent grades.
|Represents excellent grades.
|Represents grades recognized as adequate.
|Represents the minimum grade acceptable as a pass.
|Less than 60 percent
|This means that the student has not reached the minimum grade acceptable as a pass. It also includes the lack of class attendance, the fact that the exams for the class have not been taken, and so on.
GPA (Grade Point Average) is a system that evaluates achievements of learning with objective numerical values. This system is generally based on the grade evaluation system based on universities in the United States and Europe.
Students must obtain 20 credits for compulsory subjects and 4 credits or more for elective subjects in basic field subjects, total 24 credits or more, 20 credits for compulsory subjects in specialized basic field subjects, 81 credits for compulsory subjects in specialized field subjects, and 125 credits or more in total.